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Ghaziabad, UP, India
Principal Maharishi Vidya Mandir Obaidullaganj- M.P.

Friday, May 14, 2010

The Ramayana : Historical Fact

Time lent higher and greater lustre to the achievements of these gifted races and the age in

which they flourished appeared to their descendants as the Golden Age of Bharatavarsha.

Dasaratha, the king of the Kosalas, is considered as an ideal king, who laboured for the good of his

subjects. His capital was Ayodhya on the bank of the river Saryu. The ruins of his fort and palaces

and Hanuman Garhi are still there, approximately six miles from Faizabad, in Uttar Pradesh.

The king of Videhas, Raja Janaka is accepted as a monarch and a saint of high order. Lord

Rama, the eldest son of Dasaratha is the hero of epic Ramayana, whereas Sita, the daughter of Raja

Janaka is the heroine.

Three brothers of Lord Rama are Bharata, Lakshmana and Shatrughna and they were

married with the daughters of the Videhas, namely Mandavi, Urmila and Srutakirti respectively.

Their sons were founders of great cities and kingdoms as stated under, which flourished in the

fourth, fifth and sixth centuries before the Christian era.

i. Lava and Kusa, the two sons of Rama, ruled in Sravasti an old and famous historical town

which was the capital of Oudh for sometime during the days of Lord Buddha and the latter founded

Kusavati at the foot of the Vindhya mountains. I have personally visited this place, which is now in

the Behraich district of Uttar Pradesh.

ii. Bharata’s two sons—Taksha and Pushkala—founded famous and flourishing kingdoms

on either side of the river Indus, now in Punjab. Its Western part is now in Pakistan. On the East of

the Indus river Taksha-sila (known to Alexander the Great and the Greeks as Taxila) was founded

by Taksha. Pushkala founded his kingdom known as Pushkalavati to the West of the Indus.

(Alexander and the Greeks called the same as Peukelaotis.)

iii. Lakshmana’s two sons, Angada and Chandraketu, funded the kingdoms of Karupada

and Chandrakanti respectively in the Malwa region.

iv. Shatrughna’s first son, Subahu, ruled Mathura and the second son named Shatrughati

became the king of Vidisha.

Sri Ramcharitmanas is considered to be the best work on Devotion by the Father of the

nation, Mahatma Gandhi, one of the greatest men of the modern world. This immortal poem has an

universal appeal and is accepted by all classes of people from Bihar to Punjab and from the

Himalayas to the Narmada. The characters shown in it are the characters of flesh and blood, virtues

and vices, ideals of devotion and truth, bravery and duty, sacrifice and greatness, struggle and

success, womanly faithfulness, love for domestic life based on Dharma, respect for the values of


higher life and the goal of human life in the end. The exemplary government is known as

‘Ram-Rajya’ in the historic world.

There is something indescribably touching and tender in the description of these characters.

Deeper than all the other characteristics is the sense of Rama’s duty towards his father, his consort

and brothers, his mother and step-mothers, towards his subjects, his foes and friends and others,

including even birds and beasts. For the pious Hindus, Rama is Lord Rama, whose life in the form

of a man and king is the ideal life in all respects. His life exemplifies triumph of good over evil

forces. It is a life of submission and service to sages and saints.

It is the truthfulness, power of endurance and sincerity of Rama under suffering and

privations which impart the deepest lessons to man’s character. This holy book is also a treasure of

higher philosophy of wisdom, devotion and Karma-yoga. The ancient ideal may seem to modern

man far-fetched in these days, but one can never fully comprehend this great moral epic of the

ancient Hindus unless one develops the requisite sincerity to know the Reality behind things.

According to an old and respected Christian missionary “no one could hope to understand

the people of Upper India till he had mastered every line that Tulsidas had written.” This Ramayana

is deep like an ocean, vast like the infinite space, full of moral and ethical teachings and

soul-illuminating treasures. In order to reap the benefit, one has to dive deep to bring out the pearls

and to rise higher and higher in the realm of spirit with devotion and faith.

the God

Nature of God: A Comparative Study in Sri Aurobindo and Whitehead

Browsing Options:
This work stems from a chance discovery of certain striking points of similarity between the views of Sri Aurobindo and Alfred North Whitehead on the Nature of God. The author was particularly fascinated by Whitehead's well known equations regarding the relationship between God and the world. Formulation of such equations by a mathematician and physicist seems to be somewhat amazing. Being stricken by this sense of amazement, Prof. Satya Prakash Singh began to explore various avenues by which such thoughts might have found access to him. After all, man is man everywhere, and he thinks alike to a certain extent. Philosophy deals with the ultimate problems arising in the human mind which is shaped by Nature in a common form. In fact, there is no dearth of similarities from one philosophical system to another. There is no dearth of dissimilarities either. As in fact so in ideas, the world is abundantly rich in similarities as well as dissimilarities. But when either of the two becomes glaringly palpable even in the face of reasons to the contrary, it arrests our attention and demands an explanation. At the outset, the author looked around to see if these two philosophers were ever in contact with each other. The conclusion was in the negative. At the next step, Professor Singh began to think about the possibility of their drawing their fundamental views regarding God from some common source. The outcome was extremely negligible and arbitrary. If Plato and the Bible serve as the main influences on Whitehead, the Veda serves as the same on Sri Aurobindo. Moreover, thinkers of their eminence seldom do rely on mere borrowings. Thus Prof. Singh was impelled to find solution to the problem ultimately by making a structural study of their systems in themselves and by trying to find out their respective ways of thinking on God.


shri aurobindo about india

The spiritual gift of India to the world has already begun. India's spirituality is entering Europe and America in an ever increasing measure. That movement will grow; amid the disasters of the time more and more eyes are turning towards her with hope and there is even an increasing resort not only to her teachings, but to her psychic and spiritual practice. -- Sri Aurobindo Broadcast on the eve of August 15, 1947

Wednesday, May 12, 2010